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Oligospermia what it is in men, causes and treatment of oligozoospermia 1, 2, 3 degrees


Oligospermia: what it is in men, causes and treatment of oligozoospermia 1, 2, 3 degrees
Oligospermia as the main cause of male infertility. Causes of pathology, methods of diagnosis and treatment of medicines and folk remedies. 1,2 and 3 degree of oligozoospermia – what is it.

Oligospermia – what it is, causes of male infertility

Oligospermia (oligospermia) in men is the pathological condition of the male reproductive system, which is characterized by a general decrease in the amount of sperm secreted during ejaculation, which ultimately causes infertility. This disease is characterized not only by a decrease in the volume of ejaculate (less than one and a half ml) but also by a low concentration of sperm in it (less than 20 million), which causes male infertility. According to statistics, in the Russian Federation about 15% of marriages are fruitless. The male component of infertility is estimated at 40-50%.

The content of the article

  • The main indicators of semen
  • What is oligospermia
    • Sperm count rates
    • Degree oligospermia
  • The reasons
  • Impact on fertility
  • Treatment
    • Drug treatment
    • Treatment of folk remedies
  • Prevention
  • Forecast
  • Video

The main indicators of semen

When conducting ejaculate studies (spermograms), each medical clinic uses its own standards. Spermograms approved by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2010 are taken as reference criteria.

In 2010, spermograms began to apply new standards in the processing of established results. For example, amendments were made for the rates of active motility and sperm concentration in the ejaculate, as well as for the percentage ratio of the number of normal spermatozoa.

In the spermogram of a healthy man capable of reproducing offspring, in the complete absence of pathologies of the reproductive system, a certain set of basic parameters should be indicated:

  • the volume of a single portion of ejaculate – from 2 to 4 ml;
  • pH – pH (7.2);
  • the number of sperm in ml – from 20 million;
  • the total number of sperm in the ejaculate – more than 40 million;
  • the percentage of motile sperm cells is 50% or more (for groups A + B), or 25% or more for group A (sperm must maintain a forward direction of movement for 1 hour after ejaculation);
  • viable sperm should be in excess of 50% of the total cell number;
  • the number of leukocyte cells should not exceed 1 million in 1 ml of ejaculate;
  • the content of antisperm antibodies should not exceed 50% of the total number of spermatozoa that have antigens to antisperm antibodies.

What is oligospermia

Let us consider in more detail what is oligospermia in men. Oligospermia is a condition of male reproductive function in which the number and concentration of sperm decreases during ejaculation. There is a decrease in ejaculate volume: this indicator becomes less than 1.5 ml. A similar parameter for a man capable of conceiving is approximately 2.5 ml.

The reasons occurrence multiple, to by him can carry the following :

  • long lasting sexual abstinence ;
  • excess sexual activity ;
  • psycho-emotional stress;
  • violations of diet and diet;
  • partial influence on the decrease in the number of sperm have hot baths, visits to baths and saunas, tight clothing and underwear;
  • the negative effects of a variety of external and anabolic steroids for sale production parameters, such as radiation, chemicals, drugs, alcohol;
  • inflammations localized in the prostate, etc.

These factors can be eliminated or leveled (neutralized) their action. Therefore, in the case when a man has no diseases that can worsen the quality of sperm, it is possible to fully restore the male fertile function.

Among sets diverse factors , calling appearance given fertile pathologies , it is advisable highlight those of them which give in only medicamentous corrections :

  1. Diseases contributing to the development of endocrine pathologies. Among them it is necessary to single out such reproductive pathology as hypogonadism. This disease is characterized by a sharp reduction in the synthesis of the main androgen.
  2. Broadcast this forms pathologies by inheritance .
  3. Pathology of the seminal glands (varicocele).
  4. Infectious diseases (paraveneric).

Sperm count rates

Fertility success rates will be higher given the highest sperm concentration in the ejaculate. With a decrease in the volume of ejaculate secreted in parallel, a decrease in the number of sperm cells occurs, and, consequently, the chances of successful conception are reduced.

The current rate of release of ejaculate takes into account its volume. This is about 2 ml (variation indicator 1.5-5 ml). Success in the fertilization of eggs is guaranteed when more than 40 million active-mobile forms of sperm are contained in the ejaculate (some sources speak of a figure of 60 million).

Of particular note is that in recent decades, the number of men diagnosed with oligospermia has increased dramatically. This is observed primarily in the industrialized countries of Western Europe and North America. The main hypothesis of the widespread prevalence of this pathology is ecological. Experts believe that there are many chemical reprotoxicants in the environment – dioxins, dibenzofurans. These are very persistent organic compounds that are structural analogues of testosterone – the male sex hormone. Since the late 40s of the 20th century, the rate of decline in the concentration of spermatozoa is about 1% per year.

A large role is assigned to such a parameter of the sperm, as the concentration of male germ cells. It is well known that only one viable sperm cell is involved in fertilization and subsequent pregnancy. The main explanation of this fact is the negative impact on the sperm of the vaginal acidic environment: they lose the ability to actively move and die. For this reason, to ensure that the egg can be reached by at least one sperm cell, which is able to overcome various adverse factors, the concentration of sperm in the ejaculate and its volume should be sufficient. Naturally, the chances of successful fertilization will be significantly less in individuals with oligospermia.

Degree oligospermia

The study of spermograms – the main diagnostic method, which allows to determine the decrease in the number of spermatozoa characteristic of oligospermia. In a healthy normal semen in 1 ml should be more than 25 million sperm. At lower concentrations, oligospermia is diagnosed.

WITH considering criteria WHO ( 2010 ), oligospermia it happens three degrees :

  1. The first degree of oligospermia (oligozoospermia of the 1st degree) is established in a situation where in 1 ml of sperm in the ejaculate the concentration of spermatozoa is less than 15 million.
  2. The second degree of oligospermia is established at low levels of sperm count: no more than 10 million germ cells are present in 1 ml.
  3. The third stage of oligospermia is established at very low levels of sperm concentration – less than 5 million spermatozoa are found in 1 ml of ejaculate.

The reasons

Reducing the number of ejaculate and the number of male germ cells is considered as a result of pathological changes in the organs responsible for the formation and elimination of seminal fluid. The formation and maturation of sperm occurs in the testicles. It is for this reason that the development of this form of male infertility is considered as the consequences of pathological processes in these organs.

Most often meet the following the reasons development oligospermia :

  • congenital abnormality;
  • acquired pathology;
  • due to the absence of the seminal gland (s);
  • pathology of the spermatic cord (varicocele);
  • abnormal development of the seminal glands;
  • due to systemic connective tissue diseases;
  • genetic changes (mutations);
  • inflammatory processes of the seminal glands;
  • hormonal dysfunction (testosterone production disorders);
  • pathologies associated with taking medication, anabolic steroids.

It should be remembered about the possibility of obtaining false results when taking sperm. Common causes are visiting saunas or baths directly in front of the spermogram: the seed glands overheat.

Sperm from the male genital glands is transported outside through the vas deferens. In this case, there may be violations of the process of sperm withdrawal due to blockage of the vas deferens. It can occur as a result of the formation of tumors or cystic structures in the vas deferens. A similar mechanism of occurrence of obstruction exists when the genital tract is infected, in which changes in the normal tissue structure and their legal anabolic steroids edema often occur.

The cause of oligozoospermia is often mixed with simultaneous exposure to several pathogenic factors. The most common forms of this pathology (approximately 40%), arising from the impact of unidentified factors. In this case, it becomes impossible to determine the cause of the decline in the number of male germ cells in the semen. Nevertheless, such forms of oligospermia often manifest themselves in people who neglect the diet and also with obesity.

A healthy lifestyle and the absence of bad habits contribute to the preservation of male power.

Impact on fertility

The relationship of the quality characteristics of seminal fluid with male fertility is very close. For the onset of pregnancy, it is necessary to enter into the vagina the optimal amount of sperm (more than 1 ml) with certain qualitative parameters of sperm. Although in men with oligospermia, the ejaculate contains less sperm, but when there is a high motility of sperm, there is a high probability of a successful conception. It is just that such representatives of a strong half of humanity have a lower probability of successful fertilization, compared with healthy ones.

Assistive technologies in the field of reproduction play an important role: ICSI (IntraCytoplasmic Sperm Injection – intracytoplasmic sperm injection), IVF (in vitro fertilization), artificial insemination. If a man has full-fledged spermatozoa, then there is every chance of successful fertilization.

It is well known that a decrease in the volume of ejaculate is almost always associated with low mobility and an increase in the number of defective forms of spermatozoa (hypospermia).

For men diagnosed with oligospermia, there is good news: according to statistics, even with strongly pronounced forms of the disease and lack of treatment with drugs, there is a probability (approximately 5%) to conceive a child.

If the treatment is carried out correctly, the probability of fertilization is high enough. The exceptions are cases when these violations of reproduction are an incurable pathology.

A significant role is played by assistive technologies in the field of reproduction: ICSI, IVF, artificial insemination. If a man has full-fledged male sex cells, there is every chance of successful fertilization.


Oligospermia responds well to complex buysteroidsuk therapy. Initially, the main factors of diseases leading to deterioration of sperm characteristics and decrease in the number of sperm cells are identified and eliminated. This is an example of a causal approach to treatment.

In a number of situations, when a doctor encounters an incurable form of oligozoospermia, for example, in the absence and underdevelopment of the testes, as well as during gene mutations, the patient is not prescribed therapeutic treatment. Such men do not experience any discomfort due to the insignificant concentration of male germ cells in the seminal fluid, and they can live a normal life.

Medicamentous treatment

Most men, when they become aware of the diagnosis, begin to treat the disease with drugs. It should be remembered that it is impossible to achieve a 100% positive effect from drug treatment, since drugs are often ineffective. Drug therapy of oligospermia gives a positive result when this pathology has an infectious nature.

When diseases of the genital organs of infectious-inflammatory genesis are detected in a patient, and it is proved that oligospermia has arisen as their consequence, they are usually prescribed:

  • various types of antibiotics – for the treatment of inflammatory processes;
  • vitamin preparations – to enhance immunity;
  • nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs – for effective pain relief.

If the problem persists, an in-depth diagnosis may be required; most likely, a venereologist will need advice. It is necessary to pass smears for bacteriological and virological research, pass inspection. Provided that the inflammatory processes in the prostate, testicles or other genitals of a man are cured, a course of hormone replacement therapy is prescribed by a doctor.

Treatment of folk remedies

Methods of traditional medicine are aimed at a comprehensive improvement of the key parameters of sperm, help prevent rapid ejaculation, increase the process of formation of sperm.

The main tasks that need to be addressed in the treatment of hypospermia:

  • increase the volume of ejaculate (over 2 ml);
  • increase the concentration of sermatozoids (more than 20 million per 1 ml of sperm);
  • improve the quality of male germ cells (morphologically correct form and mobility).

As a rule, the methods of traditional medicine for the treatment of this pathology are based on the use of complexes of medicinal plants and bee products. But to recommend them to the attending physician.


For the prevention of oligospermia, methods are used to eliminate and neutralize the factors that cause pathological changes in spermograms.

You must adhere to the following basic rules:

  1. Giving the body regular exercise of sufficient tension. This allows you to increase the formation of testosterone, a positive effect on the endocrine, nervous and circulatory systems.
  2. Rational and proper nutrition has a general tonic effect, helps prevent endocrine disorders.
  3. It is necessary to control chronic diseases. Special attention should be paid to the urogenital system.


Experts say that successful treatment of oligospermia is quite possible. But at the same time, the treatment process is rather long. It must be borne in mind that the success of the therapy is ensured by the complex use of pharmaceuticals, the rational appointment of therapeutic procedures, the timely conduct of control laboratory studies. You also need to adhere to a healthy lifestyle, improve the diet.


The video file contains materials on the causes of infertility in men, its signs and methods of treatment.

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Hazel leaf useful properties and contraindications for prostatitis and the best recipes with hazel leaves


Hazel leaf: useful properties and contraindications for prostatitis and the best recipes with hazel leaves
How to take a leaf of hazel with prostatitis, what are its beneficial properties and contraindications and get acquainted with the best recipes with the inclusion of hazel leaves.

What helps hazel leaf: useful properties and contraindications for prostatitis

Spread hazelnut, in common – hazel, not one millennium known to people as a curative remedy for any ailment. The beneficial properties of the fruit of the plant are appreciated by the people of Europe, Asia and North America.

Tasty nucleoli contain many nutrients that are beneficial to humans. But few people know that the hazel leaf, its bark and roots have healing qualities, including allowing men to get rid of prostatitis. What is useful components of the tree, will be discussed further.

The content of the article

  • Description of the plant and its beneficial properties
  • Useful properties and contraindications of fruits
  • Prostate Hazel
  • Hazel Leaf Recipes
    • Decoction
    • Steam baths
  • Bark of hazel with prostate
  • Recipe for hazel nuts from prostatitis
  • Useful video
  • Conclusion

Description of the plant and its beneficial properties

Hazel, which is popularly called hazel owing to its fruits, belongs to the Berezov family. Hazel is a tree more reminiscent of shrubs. Considered long-lived because

The name of the plant resulted from the shape of the leaf – a large, wide oval, resembling the appearance of a river bream. The front side of the leaf has a dark green saturated color, and the reverse – a light shade of green.

A tree can grow to 7 meters, but often its growth reaches 3 meters and above. The bark of branches is brown with light lentils. Young shoots stem gray, slightly pubescent.

Hazel flowers are different-sex: female inflorescences are like buds, and male similarities to earrings sitting on short branches. The fruit of hazel is an edible nut of brown-yellow color, enclosed in a leaf wrapper, resembling a bell.

Place of growth in nature: the European part of Russia, the Baltic States, Belarus, Ukraine, the Caucasus and the Far East. It chooses wet, fertile soil, so that its neighbors are broadleaf and mixed forests. In addition to forests, the plant can choose the forest, places along the ravines or in the thickets of shrubs.

Note! Hazelnut and hazelnut should not be confused, although they belong to the same genus and have the same composition and properties.

Hazelnuts are cultivated hazel, which produces large harvests of nuts of large size. The composition of hazelnuts contains more protein, fat and other useful elements.

To understand what hazel useful properties and contraindications, you need to familiarize yourself with the chemical composition. The nut itself is a high-calorie product, in 100 g of pulp – 657 kcal. It has a unique protein composition, similar to the primobolan cycle egg. For vegetarians, eating hazelnuts is enough to replenish the body with animal proteins.

The nuts contain:

  • Fat – about 70%.
  • Carbohydrates – approximately 20%.
  • Proteins – more than 17%
  • Alimentary fiber.
  • Vitamins: a list of B, E, C, A and others.
  • Minerals: calcium, phosphorus, iron and others.

Hazel leaf contains many essential oils and glycosides, and bark contains tannins and alcohols.

Useful properties and contraindications of fruits

From the chemical composition of the nut can be seen that it is very useful for the human body. There is so much iron in it that it more than covers the daily rate.

It is useful for almost all ages. If it is used regularly, the body will be provided with all the useful elements constantly.

What benefits bring the body to the fruits of hazel, is as follows:

  • Vitamin C, magnesium, iron and potassium are required for the normal functioning of the heart, blood vessels, and the production of hemoglobin.
  • Fatty acids – to prevent stroke, atherosclerosis and other pathologies.
  • Vitamin E, manganese and copper – anti-aging elements, antioxidants.
  • Phosphorus, magnesium and potassium – strengthen bone tissue and joints.
  • B vitamins list – prevent nervous breakdowns, stress.

Hazel treatment has specific directions necessary for women and men.

Women benefit from nuts in the following form:

  • The content of folic acid has a beneficial effect on the reproductive function of women, ensures the normal development of the fetus and increases the production of milk when breastfeeding a baby.
  • Give charge of energy. Their high calorie content does not harm the waist, because they optimally combine essential fatty acids. In addition, they help to remove cholesterol from the body.
  • Help to cope with nervous disorders.
  • Preserve youth and natural beauty of the woman.

For men’s health, nuts are also needed. They help to cope with heavy physical labor, increase male power, and folic acid contributes to the development of sperm. This type of nut relieves inflammation of the prostate, for which you need to eat 50 g of a product a day.

The leaves of hazel healing properties and contraindications have their own. Therefore, before use on an ongoing basis, it is recommended to consult a doctor, which is required if you have chronic diseases.

Nuts and other components of hazel are recommended to be used for the following pathologies:

  • varicose veins;
  • joint pains of various origins;
  • cold;
  • gout;
  • intestinal infectious diseases;
  • chronic and acute bronchitis;
  • prostate adenoma and prostatitis.

Hazel can be used in the accumulation of toxins and slags in the body to get rid of them.

No need to get involved in nuts to those who have contraindications to them:

  • the uk anabolics presence of pathologies of the liver and gallbladder;
  • susceptibility to allergies;
  • severe diabetes;
  • diathesis.

Nut kernels are not recommended for psoriasis or other chronic skin diseases – they aggravate the course of the disease. Funds from hazel leaves are contraindicated for hypertensive patients – they increase blood pressure.

Prostate Hazel

So far, recipes are in demand, and they are actively used to cure various ailments.

In all forms, hazel is used for prostatitis: the leaves are dry and fresh, the bark taken during sap flow, and the kernels of the nuts themselves.

Infusions are prepared in different ways:

  • 10 tablespoons of fresh chopped leaves or dry 5 put in an enamel bowl and pour a liter of boiled water into it. Cover the dishes with a lid and let cool.
  • 8 tablespoons chopped bark pour a glass of boiling water and cook for 5 minutes, then insist another 60 minutes.

Both infusions separately are required to drink 100 ml twice a day. The duration of therapy is 3 months. One reception session should be held from 19:00 to 21:00, because during this period the prostate is better treatable.

Therapy by means of hazelnut components for prostatitis has the following therapeutic effects:

  • eliminates inflammation;
  • facilitates urination;
  • improves microcirculation and blood circulation in the gland vessels;
  • reduces the temperature;
  • copes with constipation, which are often with prostatitis;
  • accelerates the recovery of damaged tissue cells.

Means normalize the composition of nutrients so that the body works in accordance with a given vital activity. You can be treated by all men who do not have liver and kidney disease, hypertension, exacerbation of cholecystitis. Always strictly follow the dosage, so as not to cause great harm to health.

Hazel Leaf Recipes

The most common recipes are considered decoctions, but other types of tools are effectively used.


It is necessary to take the leaves of hazel with sprigs and chop. Boil raw material with boiling water – take 300 ml of liquid on a spoon. Hold the mixture in the water bath for half an hour, stirring often, then cool and strain.

Ready broth diluted with water to the original volume. Drink a glass at a time, up to three times a day for the prevention and treatment of prostatitis.

Steam baths

Then infuse the mixture until a red color appears. While the infusion is hot, you need to use it for inhalation of the diseased organ – hold the penis over the steam. It is recommended to carry out the procedure for at least 30 minutes, during which time the useful resins and acids are soaked into the skin.

Important! When choosing leaves, you should be careful: you only need to choose “juicy” and fleshy ones, exclude them with areas of decay.

Bark of hazel with prostate

The bark is harvested during the active movement of the juice. Young bark can be dried and used for treatment all year round. Broth is prepared as follows:

  1. Grind raw materials, mix a spoonful of powder with a glass of boiling water and insist on a water bath for about 15 minutes.
  2. Cool down, an hour later the decoction is ready.
  3. It is necessary to drink broth at one time before meals.

The term of treatment is a week, before the removal of acute inflammation. If improvement has occurred earlier, the recommended period of therapy should be sustained.

Recipe for hazel nuts from prostatitis

Infusion of alcohol is made from green nuts. 500 ml of alcohol is required to take 10-15 green kernels, chop and send in a container with alcohol.

Place the dish in a dry dark place for 2 weeks, periodically shaking it. Ready infusion take a spoon before each meal.

Hazel, both growing in the wild and from plantations, is good for humans and safe. Based on its components, it is possible to prepare a multitude of healing agents for the treatment of various ailments.

Useful video


In the treatment of prostatitis presented recipes have an invaluable benefit. Often, men spend useless courses of treatment with drugs, and the effect is achieved hulk body only from the reception of hazel in its various forms.

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A test for prostatitis, how a prostate adenoma is being studied and how informative it is.


Test for prostatitis: how a prostate adenoma is being studied and how informative it is
How informative is the test for prostatitis in men and how this research is conducted.

Do I need to take a test for prostatitis and what is it for?

If during the initial examination of a patient by a specialist proctologist, the assumption of the presence of a pathology creeps in by a finger method, the patient is asked to undergo a rapid test to determine the disease.

This method is easy to use and can be easily implemented not only in the hospital, but also independently at home. Its result is not unconditional, but can be the basis for a more thorough diagnosis. Consider what a test for prostatitis.

The content of the article

  • Types of rapid tests for prostatitis
  • Types of tests for adenoma
  • Types of additional examinations
  • Useful video
  • Let’s sum up

Types of rapid tests for prostatitis

With the help of simple questions and answers, and from them get information that, if necessary, can be the basis for a visit to the doctor.

The patient should evaluate his state of health over the past week:

Have you ever gone to the toilet for a little more than once every two hours?

  • did not happen;
  • sometimes it happened;
  • 50/50;
  • this happens in most cases buy steroids NZ;
  • it happens all the time.

Do you have pain when urinating?

  • I feel;
  • I do not feel.

Have you ever experienced a partial bladder discharge?

  • I feel it all the time;
  • In most cases;
  • 50/50;
  • this happens in rare cases;
  • it didn’t happen to me.

Do you feel pain in the groin area?

  • is always;
  • it happens sometimes;
  • rarely;
  • this did not happen.

Do you experience pain at the end of ejaculation?

  • Yes;
  • not.

Do not worry about the pain in the lower abdomen, in the groin and in the area of ​​the bladder.

  • Yes;
  • not.

Do you worry about pain in the genital area?

  • Yes;
  • not.

Does the area between the genitals and the rectum hurt you?

  • sometimes;
  • often.

Estimate pain intensity from 1 to 5.

  • 5 – very painful;
  • 4 – tolerated;
  • 3 – a little pain;
  • 2 – almost does not hurt;
  • 1 – does not hurt.

Do you have any discomfort in the head of the penis?

  • Yes;
  • not.

Important! If you are not experiencing pain, do not suffer from problems with urination and in sexual life, then you do not need to visit a doctor.

If the result of the answers is the opposite, you need to make an appointment with a urologist. The same can be said about the particular manifestation of symptoms. This will help to stop the initial stage of the development of the disease in the shortest possible time and pass all the necessary tests for the study.

Types of tests for adenoma

To confirm or refute the diagnosis of prostate adenoma, the patient is recommended to undergo a series of clinical tests. Such diagnostics will allow to check the presence of obstructive equipoise online processes in the urinary tract and reveal possible complications of the prostate in men associated with them.

The list of studies (tests) includes:

  • physical examination by digital rectal examination.
  • Analysis of urine;
  • research of a secret of a prostate gland;
  • the study of various urinary parameters;
  • monitoring kidney function.

Also, as a test for adenoma of the prostate gland by the method of primary examination, a rapid test is used. It can be easily purchased at any city pharmacy, and used at home.

Increased blood concentration is considered a sign of abnormality. This will indicate the purple stripes of dough. The waiting time is about 10 minutes.

Important! Early diagnosis of this dangerous disease can significantly help the patient to recover completely.

Types of additional examinations

With a positive test, depending on the symptoms of the disease, the patient is offered to undergo the following types of diagnostics:

  1. CT (computed tomography). Type of diagnosis, showing how fast the metabolism in the patient’s body.
  2. PET-CT (scan). One of the most productive methods of rendering tumors and determining the degree of metabolism.
  3. Biopsy. Allows with the help of laboratory studies of tissue parts to determine the presence of a cancer. The analysis is carried out by means of a virtually painless insertion of a needle into the prostate. This method is considered one of the most reliable. Often it is combined with MRI.
  4. Histoscanning. Innovative ultrasound method that allows you to visualize an interesting part of the body in the screen three-dimensional image. A detailed analysis of the result will give a clear picture of the cancer.
  5. A blood test for seeding will determine the presence of bacteria in the blood in the acute form of prostatitis.

Useful video

Let’s sum up

With such a wide range of types of diagnostics of prostate cancer Sports nutrition, the PSA test is mandatory during the initial examination of the disease. It can be easily purchased at many city pharmacies or ordered online.